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287.) From about the year 1580, besides the term papist , employed with opprobrious intent, the followers of the old religion were often called Romish or Roman Catholics.
Sir William Harbert, in 1585, published a "Letter to a Roman pretended Catholique", and in 1587 an Italian book by G. Aurellio was printed in London regarding the different doctrines "dei Protestanti veri e Cattolici Romani".
According to some, such combinations as Roman Catholic, or Anglo-Catholic, involve a contradiction in terms.
(See the Anglican Bishop of Carlisle in "The Hibbert Journal", January, 1908, p.
An earlier and less extreme view will be found in Newman's "Essays Critical and Historical", published by him as an Anglican (see No. The Cardinal's own note on this essay, in the last revised edition, may be read with advantage.
So far we have been considering only the history and meaning of the name Catholic. xl) were foremost in urging this aspect of the question between the Churches, and foreign scholars like Bellarmine, who engaged in the same debates, readily caught the tone from them.
This Church has been the driving force behind some of the major events of world history including the Christianization of Western and Central Europe and Latin America, the spreading of literacy and the foundation of the universities, hospitals, the Western tradition of monasticism, the development of art and music, literature, architecture, contributions to the scientific method, just war theory and trial by jury.
It has played a powerful role in global affairs, including the Reconquista, the Crusades, the Inquisition, the Investiture Controversy, the establishment of the Holy Roman Empire, and the Fall of Communism in Eastern Europe in the late 20th century.
From this time forward the technical signification of the word Catholic meets us with increasing frequency both East and West, until by the beginning of the fourth century it seems to have almost entirely supplanted the primitive and more general meaning. 155) to "the bishop of the catholic church in Smyrna " (Letter on the Martyrdom of St.
The earlier examples have been collected by Caspari (Quellen zur Geschichte des Taufsymbols, etc., III, 149 sqq.). Polycarp, xvi), a phrase which necessarily presupposes a more technical use of the word, is due, some critics think, to interpolation.
In this sense of the word it implies sound doctrine as opposed to heresy, and unity of organization as opposed to schism (Lightfoot, Apostolic Fathers, Part II, vol. It was probably in this sense that the Spaniards Pacian (Ep. 252) it is difficult to determine how far he uses the word Catholic significantly, and how far as a mere name. The Donatists, unlike all previous heretics, had not gone wrong upon any Christological question. (See Turmel, "Histoire de la theologie positive, 1904, I, 162-166, with references there given.) Moreover, St.
i ad Sempron.) writes, about 370: "Christianus mihi nonem est, catholicus cognomen", and it is noteworthy that in various early Latin expositions of the Creed, notably that of Nicetas of Remesiana, which dates from about 375 (ed. lxx), the word Catholic in the Creed, though undoubtedly coupled at that date with the words Holy Church, suggests no special comment. The title, for instance, of his longest work is "On the Unity of the Catholic Church ", and we frequently meet in his writings such phrases as catholica fides (Ep. It was their conception of Church discipline and organization which was faulty. Augustine insists upon the consensus of Christians in the use of the name Catholic.
Hence, in refuting them, a more or less definite theory of the Church and its marks was gradually evolved by St. "Whether they wish or no", he says, " heretics have to call the Catholic Church Catholic" ("De vera religione", xii).Tags: Adult Dating, affair dating, sex dating